Qualcomm CEO Steve Mollenkopf to Step Down

Steve Mollenkopf was promoted from president to CEO in 2014 and led Qualcomm through several years of unprecedented challenges.

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Qualcomm Inc. QCOM 2.01% on Tuesday said Chief Executive Steve Mollenkopf would step down in June after leading the mobile-phone chip giant through an unusually tumultuous period that has seen the company capitalize on booming smartphone sales as it battled one of its most important customers, Apple Inc.

The company named Cristiano Amon as Mr. Mollenkopf’s successor, handing over the reins as Qualcomm aims to exploit rising demand for superfast 5G phones and leave behind a period of legal struggles. Mr. Mollenkopf is to remain an adviser for a period after Mr. Amon succeeds him, the company said.

As Qualcomm’s president, Mr. Amon, 50 years old, has been the public face of the company’s efforts to become a central supplier in the shift to 5G, winning business with Apple, building on its share of the Chinese handset market and moving into new areas such as chips for autonomous cars. He is set to take over on June 30, the company said.

Cristiano Amon, pictured here in 2019, became Qualcomm’s president in 2018 and, to many observers, was the presumptive heir to the CEO.

Photo: John Francis Peters for The Wall Street Journal

Mr. Mollenkopf, 52, was promoted from president to CEO in 2014 and led the company through several years of unprecedented challenges. They included a long-running legal struggle with Apple over Qualcomm’s patent-licensing practices, an antitrust case brought by the Federal Trade Commission, repelling an activist investor, averting a hostile takeover and having a $44 billion acquisition scrapped amid U.S.-China political tensions.

Mr. Mollenkopf was in the running to succeed Steve Ballmer as Microsoft Corp.’s CEO in 2013 when Qualcomm gave him the top job—a surprise move at the time. Microsoft eventually chose Satya Nadella, who has steered the company to record sales and made it one of the most valuable companies in the world.

Mark McLaughlin, Qualcomm’s chairman, said Mr. Mollenkopf faced “more in his seven years as CEO than most leaders face in their entire careers,” citing his guiding of the company through its challenges.

The tech battle between the U.S. and China has battered TikTok and Huawei and startled American companies that produce and sell in China. WSJ explains how Beijing is pouring money into high-tech chips as it wants to become self-sufficient. Video/Illustration: George Downs/The Wall Street Journal (Originally Published September 3, 2020)

Mr. Amon has spent most of his career at Qualcomm, spread over two stints interrupted by a period during which he helped rescue a venture-capital-owned telecom company in his native Brazil. After rejoining Qualcomm in 2004, he rose up the ranks within the company’s chip-making operation, and became president—and, to many observers, the presumptive heir to the CEO—in 2018.

In an industry rife with dry-talking engineers, Mr. Amon is known for being gregarious and high-energy—traits on display when he unveiled Qualcomm’s latest cellphone chip last month. Qualcomm normally holds the annual product showcase in Hawaii, but had to move it online during the pandemic.

“I’m sorry we couldn’t bring you to Hawaii, so we’re bringing a bit of Hawaii to you,” Mr. Amon said, standing on a virtual beach, palm trees and the ocean in the background.

The CEO switch comes against the backdrop of a rapid deployment of new 5G networks world-wide that has boosted Qualcomm’s fortunes. The company is a leading supplier of communications chips for mobile phones, including Apple’s latest offerings—though the iPhone maker has signaled it was starting to do some of that work in-house.

Mr. Amon said he plans to maintain a focus on 5G, artificial intelligence, internet-of-things devices and other novel applications for chips. While the CEO transition was “a story of continuity,” he told reporters, “the company is always reinventing itself because we really invest in disruptive technologies.”

Mr. Amon added that he expects to keep his president title as he becomes CEO later this year.

Qualcomm in November said sales in its most recent quarter jumped sharply to $8.3 billion, beating Wall Street forecasts and boosting a stock that climbed 73% last year.

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While the global pandemic initially dented demand for smartphones, handset sales have rebounded in recent months, leading Qualcomm to issue an optimistic forecast for 5G phone shipments this year, putting them at 450 million to 550 million.

The U.S. chip industry is undergoing sweeping changes amid pandemic-fueled strong demand for laptops, videogames and data centers that has sent shares in some companies surging. Nvidia Corp. , whose shares more than doubled last year, has overtaken Intel Corp. as America’s most valued chip company.

A wave of consolidation has swept through the chip industry over the past year, driven in large part by stock prices that have risen during the pandemic. Chip-company stocks have become hot commodities as they benefited from a surge in digital transactions and demand for computing power in the new work-from-home economy.

Nvidia agreed to pay $40 billion for Arm Holdings, the British mobile-phone chip design giant backed by SoftBank Group Corp. , in a stock and cash deal that would be the industry’s biggest ever if it goes through. Advanced Micro Devices Inc. has said it plans to buy rival chip maker Xilinx Inc. in an all-stock deal valued at $35 billion. Those proposed tie-ups landed after Analog Devices Inc. in July agreed to pay more than $20 billion for Maxim Integrated Products Inc.

Though Qualcomm’s stock also has risen sharply, it so far hasn’t joined the latest deal-making frenzy. Four years ago its bid for rival chip maker NXP Semiconductors NV for $44 billion fizzled when Chinese authorities didn’t give their approval to the transaction. Qualcomm became a takeover target in 2017 when rival Broadcom Inc. launched a hostile takeover bid that the Trump administration blocked.

Qualcomm has been making acquisitions to boost its organic growth strategy, Mr. Amon said, but he suggested the company wasn’t hunting for a splashy play. “We don’t need transformative M&A,” he said. “We’re always going to be open to those things, but the good thing is we’re at such an intersection point where our technology is going to other industries that the demand is there, and we’re going to look at how we can go faster or add new capabilities to the company.”

Qualcomm’s business model, which mixes chip sales with patent-licensing deals, has made it another kind of target in recent years. The FTC and Apple sued the company in 2017, alleging it leveraged its status as a key supplier of mobile-phone chips to extract unfair fees for its licensing division. Qualcomm settled its differences with Apple in 2019, and last year won the FTC case in a federal appeals court.

Mr. Amon has long been associated with the chip division, which has become increasingly central to Qualcomm’s business future with the 5G rollout. Qualcomm chips powered 39% of 5G phones sold world-wide in last year’s third quarter, according to Counterpoint Technology Market Research.

Mr. Amon’s appointment came perhaps earlier than anticipated, though the change itself wasn’t a surprise, said Stacy Rasgon, an analyst at Bernstein Research. Qualcomm, he said, isn’t expected to alter its course under Mr. Amon. “I think we move ahead as planned,” Mr. Rasgon said.

Write to Asa Fitch at asa.fitch@wsj.com

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